Roberval, Jean François de la Roque, Sieur de

Roberval, Jean François de la Roque, Sieur de
   A gentleman of Picardy, born about the year 1500. By a commission dated Jan. 15, 1541, Francis I gave him the command of the expedition planned by Jacques Cartier, and made him his viceroy and lieutenant-general in the new lands discovered by Cartier. The commission granted to the latter in 1540 was revoked, and Cartier sailed as Roberval's lieutenant. Cartier left St. Malo in May, 1541, and Roberval did not follow until April, 1542. His ships entered the harbour of St. John's, Newfoundland, June 8, and there he met Cartier on his way home. Sailing on into the gulf, and up the St. Lawrence, he reached Charlesbourg Royal, where Cartier had wintered, and set his men to work erecting forts and other buildings. Here he wintered; explored the river in the spring; and sailed back to France with his colonists in the autumn of 1543. Despite the failure of his colonizing venture, commissioned by the king in 1544 to rebuild the fortifications of Senlis; and in 1548 made controller of all mines in France. Lost sight of about the year 1560. One story has it that he was murdered in the streets of Paris; and another that he died at sea; but both lack confirmation. There is reason to believe that he died in 1560, or early in 1561.
   Index: Ch Ravages of scurvy in his expedition, 23.
   Bib.: Hakluyt, Principall Navigations; Harrisse, Notes sur la Nouvelle France; Dawson, The St. Lawrence Basin; Dionne, Jean-François de la Roche, Seigneur de Roberval (R. S. C., 1899).

The makers of Canada. 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Indes Occidentales — françaises Pour les articles homonymes, voir Indes occidentales. Les Indes occidentales françaises sont un ensemble de colonies françaises en …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Indes occidentales françaises — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Indes occidentales. Les Indes occidentales françaises est une expression décrivant l ensemble des territoires et des colonies françaises en …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Gouverneur de la Nouvelle-France — Le gouverneur de la Nouvelle France était nommé par le roi de France pour administrer l armée et comme chef de la diplomatie dans les colonies de l Amérique du Nord française, soit le Canada, l Acadie et la Louisiane, de 1534 à 1763. Le… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • List of Huguenots — Some notable Huguenots or people with Huguenot ancestry include:*Jacques Abbadie, French theologian *Moses Amyraut, French theologian, proponent of Amyraldism *Charles Ancillon, French jurist and diplomat *John André, British officer and spy… …   Wikipedia

  • History of Quebec — Quebec has played a special role in Canadian history; it is the site where French settlers founded the colony of Canada (New France) in the 1600s and 1700s. Its history has taken a somewhat different path from the rest of Canada.Pre Columbian… …   Wikipedia

  • Lieutenant General of New France — was the military post that governed early New France (and Acadia) from 1603 until 1627. Before 1603, two holders served the post briefly from 1541 to 1603 and vacant from 1543 to 1598. It was replaced by the title of Governor of New France in… …   Wikipedia

  • Charlesbourg-Royal — fut le premier établissement européen en Amérique du Nord établit en 1541. Cette communauté de 400 habitants survicu à sa première hiver malgré le froid sévère et les attaques des Iroquois de Stadacona et d autres villages. Il fut abandonné en… …   Wikipédia en Français